English Programme of Study


The programmes of study for reading at key stages 1 and 2 consist of two dimensions:

  • word reading
  • comprehension (both listening and reading)

An accelerated programme of phonics teaching is also implemented in EYFS and KS1.


The programmes of study for writing at key stages 1 and 2 are constructed similarly to those for reading:

  • transcription (spelling and handwriting)
  • composition (articulating ideas and structuring them in speech and writing).

All children in Key Stages 1 and 2 are encouraged to produce independent, extended pieces of "Big Writing" on a regular basis which forms a substantial part of their assessment.

Spelling, punctuation, vocabulary and grammar.

Pupils in Key Stages 1 and 2 are taught the essential skills involved in the composition of effective writing. The teaching of these key skills is usually in the context of the whole English lesson but discreet sessions are also delivered, particularly in Upper Key Stage 2.

Speaking & Listening

All pupils are taught to:

  • listen and respond appropriately to adults and their peers
  • ask relevant questions to extend their understanding and knowledge
  • use relevant strategies to build their vocabulary
  • articulate and justify answers, arguments and opinions
  • give well-structured descriptions, explanations and narratives for different purposes, including for expressing feelings
  • maintain attention and participate actively in collaborative conversations, staying on topic and initiating and responding to comments
  • use spoken language to develop understanding through speculating, hypothesising, imagining and exploring ideas
  • speak audibly and fluently with an increasing command of Standard English
  • participate in discussions, presentations, performances, role play, improvisations and debates
  • gain, maintain and monitor the interest of the listener(s)
  • consider and evaluate different viewpoints, attending to and building on the contributions of others
  • select and use appropriate registers for effective communication.

(Full details of the programme of study in English for all year groups can be found in the National Curriculum document, published in September 2013.)